Bladder cancer accounts for approximately 90% of cancers of the urinary collecting system (renal pelvis, ureters, bladder, urethra). The bladder is an organ located in the pelvic cavity that stores and discharges urine. Urine is produced by the kidneys, carried to the bladder by the ureters, and discharged from the bladder through the urethra.
What is Bladder Cancer?
Bladder cancer affects the cells that line the bladder, or the sac located in the pelvis in which urine is collected for excretion. Most cases of bladder cancer are found in older adults, and diagnosed at an early stage. This type of cancer is highly treatable, however, bladder cancers are likely to recur. There are many different types of bladder cancer including Squamous cell carcinoma, Adenocarcinoma, Small cell carcinoma, Sarcoma. Understanding the normal structure and function of the bladder is helpful in understanding the different types of bladder cancer.
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Bladder Cancer Symptoms
The primary symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine (hematuria). Hematuria may be visible to the naked eye (gross) or visible only under a microscope (microscopic) and is usually painless. Bladder cancer must be ruled out in any patient who develops gross, painless hematuria. Other bladder cancer symptoms include frequent urination and pain upon urination (dysuria).
Bladder Cancer Treatment
Once bladder cancer is detected, the diagnosis will determine the severity. Treatment for bladder cancer depends on the stage of the disease, the type of cancer, and the patient’s age and overall health. Options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy. In some cases, treatments are combined (e.g., surgery or radiation and chemotherapy, preoperative radiation).
Frequently Asked Questions, General Information, and Example Mock Patients
Advanced Urology Associates specializes in bladder cancer treatment for men and women. Call our adult urology experts at Advanced Urology Associates at 815.409.4930 to make an appointment.
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