Prostate Cancer Treatment
Adenocarcinoma of the prostate is the clinical term for a cancerous tumor on the prostate gland. As prostate cancer grows, it may spread to the interior of the gland, to tissues near the prostate, to sac-like structures attached to the prostate (seminal vesicles), and to distant parts of the body (e.g., bones, liver, lungs). Prostate cancer confined to the gland often is treated successfully.
Treatment for prostate cancer depends on the stage of the disease and the patient’s age and overall health. Elderly patients with minor symptoms, early stage cancer, or coexisting illness may be treated conservatively. Treatment options can include hormone therapy, or more aggressive options like chemotherapy or surgery.
What Causes Prostate Cancer?
There are many factors that can lead to the development of prostate cancer:
- Age. Age is considered the most critical risk factor for prostate cancer. The older a male is, the more likely they are at risk of developing prostate cancer. Men under the age of 45 are less likely to have prostate cancer.
- Genetics. Prostate cancer is more commong among certain racial groups including African Americans and Caucasian Americans. A man whose brother or father had had prostate cancer is at much higher risk of developing it. The two faulty genes that can lead to the development of cancer include BRCA 1 and BRCA 2.
- Diet. The Mediterranean Diet may reduce a person’s chances of developing prostate caner. Soy, selenium, and green tea also offer disease prevention. A diet high in red meat may raise one’s chances of developing prostate cancer.
- Other. Other leading factors include obesity, medication, STDs, and chemical exposure.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
- Blood in the urine or semen
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Inability to urinate
- Nagging pain or stiffness in the back, hips, upper thighs, or pelvis
- Painful ejaculation
- Pain or burning during urination (dysuria)
- Weak or interrupted urinary flow
For more information, please give our adult urology experts at Advanced Urology Associates a call at 815.409.4930 serving near Chicago, Joliet, Frankfort, New Lenox, Morris and Naperville, Illinois.
Please visit any of our locations near Chicago:
Advanced Urology Morris
1401 Lakewood Dr. Unit 3
Morris, IL 60450
Advanced Urology Silver Cross Location
1890 Silver Cross Blvd.
Pavilion A, Ste. 430
New Lenox, IL 60451
Advanced Urology AUA Prostate Cancer Center
1541 Riverboat Center Drive
Joliet, IL 60431