Kidney stones (calculi) are hardened mineral deposits that form in the kidney. They originate as microscopic particles or crystals and develop into stones over time. The medical term for this condition is nephrolithiasis, or renal stone disease.
Symptoms can include:
- Blood in the urine (hematuria)
- Increased frequency of urination (urinary urgency)
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain during urination (stinging, burning)
- Tenderness in the abdomen and kidney region
- Urinary tract infection ( UTI ; fever, chills, loss of appetite)
Treatment depends on the size and type of stone, the underlying cause, the presence of any urinary infection, and whether the condition recurs. Stones 4 mm and smaller (less than 1/4 inch in diameter) pass without intervention in 90% of cases; those 5–7 mm do so in 50% of cases; and those larger than 7 mm rarely pass without a surgical procedure. Patients are advised to avoid becoming too sedentary, because physical activity, especially walking, can help move a stone.
If you think you may have a kidney stone, contact us for an appointment.